[cryptography] How much does it cost to start a root CA ?

John Case case at SDF.ORG
Fri Jan 4 14:41:44 EST 2013

Let's assume hardware is zero ... it's a really variable cost, so I assume 
(correct me if I'm wrong) that it is a trivial cost compared to legal and 
audit costs, etc.

So what does it cost to start a root CA, get properly audited (as I see 
the root CAs are) and get yourself included into, say, firefox or chrome ?

A followup question would be:

Is inclusion of a root CA in the major browsers a "shall issue" process ? 
hat is, you meet the criteria and you get in ?  Or is it a subjective, 
political process ?

Finally, it seems to me that since there re so few root CAs (~30 ?) and 
the service provided is such an arbitrary, misunderstood one, that 
existing CAs would be actively trying to prevent new entrants ... and 
establish themsevles as toll collectors with a pseudo monopoly ... what 
evidence (if any) do we have that they are pursuing such an ecosystem ?

Thank you.

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